We are pleased to notice that the relationship between rural and urban has begun to change. It is no longer the existence of binary opposition, but gradually transforms from relative separation to mutual supplement. Although the countryside lacks the convenience of urban life, there is a solid boundary between the city and the nature due to the excessive artificialization. This huge contrast gives the countryside certain “dividend of The Times”.
Today, designers continue to find reasonable solutions to the problems posed by rural construction:How does China’s rural culture show new vitality?How does rural renewal get out of the traditional commercial model?How to protect the original texture of the countryside?
With the intervention of resort hotels, B&Bs and other modes, the interaction between urban and rural areas has been enhanced. The countryside is no longer just a poem and distance for a few people, but more directly faces the public through field experience and media touch.
Rural Texture: How to hide design in the countryside
At the beginning of the design of Nanchawan stone House in Yichang, the designer made clear the theme of “countryside comes before design”.
Nanchawan Stone House is located in a small mountain village in Yichang, Hubei Province, where the Three Gorges of the Yangtze River began. The landscape is like ink, with natural geographical and cultural landscape. The first phase of Nanchawan Stone House will be completed in 2020. During the first phase design time, the designer has already conceived the shape of the second phase in his mind.
In the whole village practice of stone house, avoid the traditional hotel way to set the design pattern, but from the continuation of the rural texture to think about the new direction, and strive to maintain the purity of the region.
The village gradually formed in the slow process of time can not be simulated by design means, but naturally has the most natural state of neighborhood relationship. The construction of houses is often born in accordance with the environment. An ancient tree, an ancient village road, or living in close proximity can be used as the location coordinates of buildings.
After field investigation of Nanchawan village, the two buildings in phase I were originally the buildings of two brothers. Just like the buildings of other local villagers, they were built by the local mountain stone. They lacked good airtightness and often leaked into the wind through rain, which was also a factor to be overcome in the design.
Spatial Texture: How to clarify the progressive relationship of stone houses
The Yichang stone House provides the original reference for the design. The design tries to present the original beauty, and the architecture needs to fully express the continuity of time. Due to the distinctive regional characteristics of stone appearance, the use of stone can not only continue the rural style, but also inherit the time memory in the new building.
The second phase consists of several buildings forming a seemingly disordered spatial sequence, which continues and progresses the morphological relationship of the first phase stone houses. They are scattered on the hillside according to the terrain. Different from the two stone houses in the first phase, they do not follow the unified orientation, but according to the characteristics of rural houses built according to the situation, presenting a sense of order in the disordered.
Stone cancel the traditional wood to steel structure system which can guarantee the stability and is still a typical traditional sloping roof, roof form present simplifies the eaves, newborn window frame system adopts modern materials, different scales the window view of nature, to eliminate the boundary between the indoor and outdoor, break the inherent impression of rural life, reveals the internal space of modern life sense.
Natural Texture: How can stone house design continue natural memory
Under the strategy of reservation and concession, in order to avoid the potential competition with the environment brought by the new building, carding design is adopted, most of the environmental components are retained, the original hierarchical structure of the village is protected, and the original vegetation is allowed to grow again.
Project also harvest in the process of building my surprise, the mountain is itself a overburden soil type, in the process of excavation of mountain, inside the stone gradually exposed, presents a very primitive state, so the construction of large scale window as much as possible in the face of these stones, form the strength of the dialogue, building charm can fully show here.
The texture of the mountain stone is also a natural order in disorder. The layout of the building and the opening of the window correspond to its proximity and distance, and the subtle dynamics of tightness or relaxation make the interior space full of picture frames with unique natural memory. The interior space is also as decorative as possible. The exterior materials are used in the interior, and the stone materials are used in the interior construction to make the natural texture continue in the interior.
Time Texture: How to extend the design value further
“Rural construction should have time, especially handicraft construction”. The designer said the construction process was not done overnight, but was done gradually in collaboration with local craftsmen.
Stone is not only used as the construction material but also as the interior material. The interior design is involved in accordance with the modern lifestyle. The precise combination of wood, steel and stone is adopted to avoid the decorative repetition. In order to preserve the “time texture” of the countryside in the construction process, the designer recruited local craftsmen to create a more detailed cross-section of the rural era through their skilled skills.
Texture at the same time, this time also reflect in the original ecological life reduction, when a group of people living in the country, are enjoying standing on stone laying uneven walking on the road, looking at the cottage smoke fills the air in the distance, the noise of the city no longer exists here, instead, the real experience of countryside, and simple way to get along with between people.
To be sure, the contemporary countryside is not all rosy, and the countryside is certainly not an elitist showcase for designers. Facing the current situation of the countryside and building an architectural aesthetic paradigm that can be promoted in the countryside, this is the idea that Yichang Stone House hopes to convey in the design, and also the value of extending the ideal beyond the design.